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  • Title: pekerjaanterbaru.info
    Descriptive info: .. pekerjaanterbaru.. info.. Search.. Main menu.. Skip to primary content.. Skip to secondary content.. Home.. Intercultural Tips for Working in Indonesia.. Posted on.. August 14, 2011.. by.. Admin.. Reply.. Taboo for one culture may be considered not taboo in other culture.. Something acceptable in your culture may be considered taboo for Indonesians.. To understand what is taboo or not taboo for Indonesians, you shall read Do s and Don ts below.. Do.. Introduce yourself with handshaking and smile.. Indonesians are a polite people and very tolerant towards foreigners and their manners.. Handshaking (salaman) is customary for men and women alike on introduction and greeting, accompanied with the usual smile.. Indonesians like to establish relationships.. The greeting process is very important.. Well begun is half done.. Always shake hands with your business partner.. Be humble in your negotiations and give your business partner the highest respect.. Greet and smile at everybody notwithstanding their level position.. Smile indicates friendliness.. Arrogant people will not reply their smile/ greeting with smile.. They will think people, who do not reply their smile, are not easy to talk with.. Smiling at them can make them comfortable.. Win the informal leader s heart.. In the company, there are formal leader such as managers and supervisors.. However, among the staff or operators, there is person that is respected and always listened by the others although this person does not have high job level position.. This kind of person has strength in social/ interpersonal relation.. To approach and make good relationship with this person can help you to win his/ her group.. Politely, build his/her character and he/ she will act as a channel to your employees and give you information about employee s conditions and their response.. Ask a simple question and call their name.. Asking simple question can make them feel that you care about them.. Indonesians prefer personal closing.. If you ask simple question and call their name, you have done the ice breaking.. They will feel secure and think that you are friendly.. Be a good model of discipline and give them real example.. Indonesians tend to duplicate the behaviour of the people they respect.. If you are their superior, they will imitate your behaviour because you are their model.. This feature can be used to build their attitude toward discipline.. If you are their superior and they see you put the rubbish to the dustbin or clean the dirty cup, they will follow your action.. They will follow you because you are their model.. When they see you participating in maintaining cleanliness, they will understand your action and they will act together to realize the cleanliness.. Build family atmosphere.. Indonesians view family as intimate integral relationship, in which its members support each other and feel comfortable and secure.. When Indonesians feel as a part of family, they will feel secure and motivated to increase their performance.. In good family, there is harmonious interdependent relationship.. There is sense of belonging and sense of ownership in its members attitude.. For example, to print name card for your employees, even if for those who in low level, can make them feel as your big family members.. They will be proud because their names are mentioned in their company s name cards.. Indirectly, it is also a promotion of your company because proudly they will show their name cards to their friends.. Create the events to build their solidarity as one family, such as outbound and company travelling.. Make personal contact rather than writing letters or memos.. Don t consider time spent to develop personal relationships wasted.. Provide a channel for their ideas/ grievances.. Their idea/ grievance is an expression of their morale in the company.. If no grievance, it does not mean that it is good conditions.. Some Indonesians purpose to keep silent when they lose their enthusiasm and trust in their leader/ superior.. It is better to welcome their idea/ grievance but it does not mean to be totally permissive.. It also does not mean that you bear all their problems.. In this situation, art of listening to show that you care about them is essential.. If they feel that you care, they will feel humanized and comfortable.. On the contrary, if their ideas/ grievances are underestimated, they will be passive and tend to hide their problem.. Grievance that is ignored can cause disharmony because they feel that they are not humanized.. By providing channel for their aspirations, conducive culture is developed.. In other word, any one will feel comfortable to express their idea and give information to you.. Provide the opportunity to worship and respect their belief.. For Indonesians, religion is essential and sensitive matter.. They need the opportunity for worship.. All Indonesians are religion embracers.. The subject related to religions is mentioned in Pancasila (Basic Principles of RI) and in Indonesia Constitution.. The majority of Indonesians are Moslems.. Moslems shall performs five times required prayers (Sholat) in a day and engage Friday prayers mass (Jumatan) at mosque.. Respect this tradition and give them time to worship, provide prayer room at your office for them to pray.. Provide sufficient break time in Friday for your employees to give them opportunity to engage Friday prayer mass.. The government has set public holidays for religious celebration.. In condition that you need your employees to work on holiday, give them opportunity to worship let the Christians worship on Sunday and Easter, let the Buddhists worship on Veshak Day, Hinduists worships on Nyepi Day.. During Islamic fasting month, don t eat something in front of them.. Usually, during this month, they go home early.. It is good to conduct fast breaking dinner at your office to maintain the solidarity.. Give a greeting when they celebrate their religion.. Offer edible food and non-alcoholic drink.. For Indonesians, rice (nasi) is staple food.. They are not satisfied if they eat without rice.. In their mindset, they will be weak without rice.. When providing meal for them, the rice must be included.. Majority of Indonesians are Moslems.. Not all foods and drinks are allowed for them to consume.. Don t offer pork or alcoholic drink, pork and alcohols are forbidden (Haram).. Any animal with fang is forbidden.. Amphibian is also forbidden.. If you want to buy food or drink for them, choose the food or drink, which are Halal certified.. Don t offer beef to your Balinese friend because most of them are Hinduists.. Be aware of diversity in Indonesia.. Various religions, Race, ethnic groups with various cultures exist in Indonesia.. Respect and make good and harmonious relationship with all of them, notwithstanding their religions and ethnics.. SARA (Ethnic Group.. Religions, Racial Relation) issues are very sensitive in Indonesia.. Be careful when you use humour or make a joke, as it may be misunderstood.. Be patient with tardiness and imprecision.. Indonesians usually call the tardiness as Rubber time ( Jam Karet).. It is common in Indonesia to be unpunctual in meeting, dating and in starting an event.. However, try be punctual.. If you are late, in the future they will be later than you.. Don t be late for meetings (even if they never start on time).. Punctuality and technical precission requires a lengthy learning process.. Be low profile.. If you disagree with your business partner/ friends/ employees try to say it in a manner that it will give the impression of non-confrontational.. Be modest in your negotiations/ discussions and give them the highest respect.. Bowing with smile is also gesture of salutation.. This low profile attitude shows that you are respectful person.. Learn Indonesian Language.. Language is a mean of communication.. It is essential to convey the meaning.. Not all Indonesians acquire International Language, such as English.. By communicating in Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian Language), communication with Indonesians will be held understandably.. If you cannot communicate in Indonesian Language, you can use English but you must simplify your language, speak slowly and clearly to make it more comprehensible.. Reward the employees for their loyalty.. Payment by result is not readily accepted.. People expect to be rewarded also for their loyalty.. Avoid dismissal of employees.. Dismissal of employees is culturally undesirable.. Conduct Gotong Royong.. Gotong Royong is Indonesian term for mutual cooperation.. It calls for community commitment.. Understand status differences.. In Indonesia, status differences are unavoidable and viewed positively.. Be polite.. Formal politeness and restraint of emotions are imperative.. Show the respect to the family of the deceased.. Do condolence visit and assistance.. Use cash for token donation.. Wear black, white, and blue dress.. These are the dress code for condolence visit.. Be careful in handling the disobedience against company regulation Transgression against company regulation must be handled carefully.. Give direct appraisal of performance.. Direct appraisal of performance can be delicate.. It is as delicate balancing act.. Don t:.. Give, receive, and eat with the left hand.. To give, receive, and eat with the left hand is unacceptable and considered impolite.. The left hand is toilet hand.. They usually use their left hand to cleanse up after urinating or defecating.. That is why they consider the left hand dirty.. Touch or pat on another s head.. The head is sacred and should be respected.. Patting on another s head is not done among adults and even should be avoided with children.. Spit in the presence of people.. When an Indonesians are disgusted at seeing the filth or something disgusting, they usually spit.. They will think that you insult them or that you are disgusted at seeing them.. Spittle is also considered nauseating.. Say that you are atheist.. Indonesians had traumatic experience with communists.. The past national tragedy in 1966 was related to Indonesian communist party.. Many Indonesians still consider communists their enemies.. In their mindsets, they always misinterpret atheists as communists.. It is common for Indonesians to ask about someone s religion.. If you say that you are atheist or do not believe in God, they will think that you are communist.. Don t say that you are atheist.. Put your head up when you are in front of them.. It is better to make eye contact with them with friendly smile.. If you put your head up, they will think that you do not want to see them.. They will think that you are arrogant.. Instruct/ warn your employees rudely with the high stress intonation or in the presence of other people.. Don t Show anger.. Pointing your finger to people to show anger is impolite.. Indonesians are also sensitive to the high stress intonation and impolite behaviour.. If you  ...   work for female workers to public services, such as hospitals.. However, many companies use night shifts for female workers in order to fulfill productions targets.. Most of the textile and shoe factories set up shifts from 07.. 00 15.. 00, 15.. 00 23.. 00 and 23.. 00 07.. 00 both for male and female workers.. Night shift and overtime are dangerous for pregnant workers.. There can be 7- 9 hours overtime, even though the regulation on overtime does not allow more than 4 hours.. Research by Nurbaiti and Edriana showed that some workers who worked overtime at PT Great River Garment Industries had pregnancy and maternity problems, including loss of the baby.. Shiftwork and overtime have caused problems for many female workers.. Research from 1995 shows that:.. Health.. Most of the workers in labour intensive companies do not have proper health facilities.. Some companies provide only certain medicines for various kinds of diseases, with only one doctor present for just 2 hours a day to serve around 5,000 to 10,000 workers.. Others do not provide health clinics.. In this case workers can go to the local community health services and be reimbursed.. But some companies do not reimburse medication.. The 1996 research by the Indonesian Sportshoes Monitoring Network (ISMN) revealed that workers commonly suffer from breathing problems, stomach aches, dizziness, ulcers and anaemia.. Lunch.. A proper lunch is needed so that workers can get enough energy to perform their production activities.. Employers should provide a free nutritious lunch to allow workers reach high productivity.. Allowing that a worker needs 2,600 calories per day, he or she should get 1,500 from lunch.. But even that is not nutritious enough to produce the energy needed for high productivity.. Some companies that do not provide lunch instead pay workers about Rp300 to Rp500 to buy their own lunch.. This is not enough for nutritious food.. Even the cheapest portions of lunch rice and meat and rice and egg cost Rp1800 and Rp1500 respectively.. Shelter.. Proper housing is a basic human need, and it is not enjoyed by workers.. Commonly three or four have to share a 4 x 3 metre room, without bathroom facilities.. The dormitories which some companies provide are not adequate.. There can be twenty people crowded into a room of 10 x 5 metres (with multi-storied beds) and one bathroom.. In order to have a bath before work they have to queue for four hours, between 3am and 7am.. Security in the dormitory is tight.. Complicated procedures are involved for visitors, first to report to security and secondly to the dormitory manager.. A worker who receives many visits may be liable to an official warning and may be required to work overtime.. Working Period.. Research has revealed that many companies employ their workers for a period longer than provided for by Law No.. 1/1951 on the Working Period and Break Times.. The law states that workers are not allowed to work more than seven hours per day or 40 hours per week.. A night job or one particularly dangerous to health and safety should not be more than six hours per day or 35 per week.. Another article of the law states that workers should get one day off per week.. In an emergency situation due to excess of work, overtime is allowed, but not more than 54 hours per week.. However, this law does not apply to the kind of work that is dangerous to worker health and safety.. Research has shown that in the broidery section of Korean s PT NG producing Nike shoes, workers are kept in a standing position and are not give breaks even for lunch.. They have to find time themselves to have lunch by stealth while watching the machines.. Sources have said that the workers in this company are required to work overtime.. One worker s payroll showed that he had worked 191 overtime hours in a month.. Most of the surveyed companies have violated Law no.. 1/1951, especially on the Working Period and Break Time.. Most of the respondents said that they had worked for 12 hours per day, and some worked seven days per week.. Female workers in shoe and garment export factories are obliged to work until 9 p.. m.. or longer; they have to continuously work overtime on Sundays.. Thus, the workers practically do not have time to rest.. Even though they receive overtime pay, they are honestly not happy about working overtime.. There is no choice.. Refusal would mean dismissal, regardless of the fact that overtime is voluntary, not an obligation.. credit:.. Europarl.. History of Indonesia.. August 14, 2010.. The first known hominid inhabitant of Indonesia was the so-called Java Man , or Homo erectus, who lived here half a million years ago.. Some 60,000 years ago, the ancestors of the present-day Papuans move eastward through these islands, eventually reaching New Guinea and Australia some 30-40,000 years ago.. Much later, in about the fourth millennium B.. C.. , they were followed by the ancestors of the modern-day Malays, Javanese and other Malayo-Polynesian groups who now make up the bulk of Indonesia s population.. Trade contracts with India, China and the mainland of Southeast Asia brought outside cultural and religious influences to Indonesia.. One of the first Indianized empires, known to us now as Sriwijaya, was located on the coast of Sumatra around the strategic straits of Malacca, serving as the hub of a trading network that reached to many parts of the archipelago more than a thousand years ago.. On neighboring Java, large kingdoms of the interior of the island erected scores of exquisite of religious monuments, such as Borobudur, the largest Buddhist monument in the world.. The last and most powerful of these early Hindu-Javanese kingdoms, the 14th century Majapahit Empire, once controlled and influenced much of what is now known as Indonesia, maintaining contacts with trading outposts as far away as the west coast of Papua New Guinea.. Indian Muslim traders began spreading Islam in Indonesia in the eighth and ninth centuries.. By the time Marco Polo visited North Sumatra at the end of the 13th century, the first Islamic states were already established there.. Soon afterwards, rulers on Java s north coast adopted the new creed and conquered the Hindu-based Majapahit Empire in the Javanese hinterland.. The faith gradually spread throughout archipelago, and Indonesia is today the world s largest Islamic nation.. Indonesia s abundant spices first brought Portuguese merchants to the key trading port of Malacca in 1511.. Prized for their flavor, spices such as cloves, nutmeg and mace were also believed to cure everything from the plague to venereal disease, and were literally worth their weight in gold.. The Dutch eventually wrested control of the spice trade from Portuguese, and the tenacious Dutch East India Company (known by initials VOC) established a spice monopoly which lasted well into the 18th century.. During the 19th century, the Dutch began sugar and coffee cultivation on Java, which was soon providing three-fourths of the world supply of coffee.. By the turn of the 20th century, nationalist stirring, brought about by nearly three centuries of oppressive colonial rule, began to challenge the Dutch presence in Indonesia.. A four-year guerilla war led by nationalists against the Dutch on Java after World War II, along with successful diplomatic maneuverings abroad, helped bring about independence.. The Republic of Indonesia, officially proclaimed on August 17th, 1945, gained sovereignty four years later.. During the first two decades of independence, the republic was dominated by the charismatic figure of Sukarno, one of the early nationalists who had been imprisoned by the Dutch.. General (ret.. ) Soeharto eased Sukarno from power in 1967.. Indonesia s economy was sustained throughout the 1970 s, almost exclusively by oil export.. The Asian financial crisis, which broke out in mid-1997, paralyzed the Indonesian economy with the rupiah losing 80% of its value against the US dollar at the peak of the turmoil.. On May 21, 1998, Soeharto resigned after 32 years in power and was replaced by B.. J.. Habibie following bloody violence and riots.. Indonesia held its first democratic election in October 1999, which put Abdurrahman Gus Dur Wahid in the role of president.. indo.. com.. Indonesia.. May 14, 2010.. officially the.. Republic of Indonesia.. (Indonesian:.. Republik Indonesia.. Indonesian pronunciation:.. [rɛpʊblɪk ɪndɔnɛsɪa]), is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania.. Indonesia is an archipelago comprising approximately 17,508 islands.. It has 33 provinces with over 238 million people, and is the world s fourth most populouscountry.. Indonesia is a republic, with an elected legislature and president.. The nation s capital city is Jakarta.. The country shares land borders with Papua New Guinea, East Timor, and Malaysia.. Other neighboring countries include Singapore,Philippines, Australia, and the Indian territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.. Indonesia is a founding member of ASEAN and a member of the G-20 major economies.. The Indonesian economy is the world s sixteenth largest by nominal GDP and fifteenth largest by purchasing power parity.. The Indonesian archipelago has been an important trade region since at least the 7th century, when Srivijaya and then later Majapahit traded with China and India.. Local rulers gradually absorbed foreign cultural, religious and political models from the early centuries CE, and Hindu and Buddhist kingdoms flourished.. Indonesian history has been influenced by foreign powers drawn to its natural resources.. Muslim traders brought Islam, and European powers brought Christianity and fought one another to monopolize trade in the Spice Islands of Maluku during the Age of Discovery.. Following three and a half centuries of Dutch colonialism, Indonesia secured its independence after World War II.. Indonesia s history has since been turbulent, with challenges posed by natural disasters, corruption, separatism, a democratization process, and periods of rapid economic change.. Across its many islands, Indonesia consists of hundreds of distinct native ethnic andlinguistic groups.. The largest—and politically dominant—ethnic group are theJavanese.. A shared identity has developed, defined by a national language, ethnic diversity, religious pluralism within a majority Muslim population, and a history of colonialism and rebellion against it.. Indonesia s national motto,.. Bhinneka Tunggal Ika.. ( Unity in Diversity.. literally,.. many, yet one ), articulates the diversity that shapes the country.. Despite its large population and densely populated regions, Indonesia has vast areas of wilderness that support the world s second highest level ofbiodiversity.. The country has abundant natural resources, yet poverty remains widespread.. Recent Posts.. Recent Comments.. Archives.. 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